After 1783, black and white New Yorkers began to learn about being free together. Blacks rented and bought their own residences. Their children attended the African Free School or entered apprenticeships. Black men with property could vote. They formed their own churches and benevolent societies. Their speeches and essays appeared in print. Free blacks were now citizens, too. Some whites were comfortable with blacks' new status but many were not.
Peter Williams Jr., the Promise of the American Revolution
Jupiter Hammon, Advice to the Young
The Free Black Population